Can Pulpitis Cause Toothaches?
Dental pulp, composed of soft tissue, nerves, and blood capillaries inside of every tooth, can cause toothaches when it swells. This swelling is known as pulpitis. When cavities or food particles stuck in the gums irritate tooth nerves, they swell. The protective tooth casing does not offer much room for expansion, and nerves become pinched as a result, causing tooth pain. Temperature fluctuations and pressure on the tooth may cause bursts of pain. In cases of reversible pulpitis, removing decay and filling the cavity or cleaning debris from the gum line can stop the swelling.
A disturbance to the tooth can also cause temporary pulpitis. This can be due to trauma–like a crack to the jaw or biting down on something unexpectedly hard. Vibration and pressure can also cause it. For example, if you grind your teeth, had the tooth worked on, or work with vibrating tools. Even a minimally invasive procedure like porcelain veneers can result in temporary pulpitis. If not treated, this condition may turn into irreversible pulpitis.
When the capillaries become pinched for too long, the nerve and other tissue inside of the tooth begins to slowly die, causing throbbing pain. At this point, removing the dental pulp is the best option. Root canal therapy can help alleviate irreversible pulpitis pain and prevent future discomfort.