When preparing for dental work such as implants, it is important to speak with your dentist about any medications you are taking. Your medications may impact the success of your implant. Some medications used to treat long-term conditions may cause bone-loss, which weakens your bones and increases the risk of bone-fracturing. Weakness in your jawbone may cause your implant to fail prematurely.
A retrospective cohort study published in November 2014 found that some common anti-depression medications might increase the risk of implant failure. The study focused on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), which have been associated with bone-loss and an increased risk for bone-fracturing. A total of 490 patients who received implants between January 2007 and January 2013 were studied. Subjects were broken into 2 groups: SSRI users and non-users. Data showed that 10.6% of the implants placed in the SSRI group failed compared to 4.6% in the non-user group, suggesting that the use of SSRIs may increase the risk of implant failure.
The study does not definitively prove that SSRI use causes implant failure, but demonstrates that a relationship may exist. Their data was not able to take into account the dose of SSRIs each patient received or how long each patient had been taking SSRIs before the implant. Follow-up studies that include this data are needed to better understand this relationship.
SSRIs are not the only medications associated with bone-loss and increased risk of bone fracturing. Antidiabetic thiazolidinediones, thyroid hormones, anti epileptics, and anti-sex hormone therapies used to treat prostate and breast cancers are also associated with this risk. Based on the SSRI study, future studies on the risk of implant-failure associated with these medications may be beneficial to dentistry. Knowing exactly what medications will complicate implant success would help dentists determine exactly what treatment a patient needs to further increase the chances of success and a speedy recovery.
Tooth loss leaves gaps in your smile that can hurt your confidence and the overall health of your mouth. A missing tooth can cause your jawbone to become weaker due to resorption of seemingly unneeded bone tissue. Surrounding teeth may also move over to fill in the gap, creating more aesthetic problems and increasing your risk of developing temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ). Cosmetic dentistry can help to restore and preserve your smile. Implants look natural so that your smile appears whole. The durability of your new tooth will make eating and speaking comfortable again as well.
As long as you take care of your implant and the surrounding teeth, dental implants have a high rate of success. If you take any long-term medications, disclosing this information prior to receiving an implant can increase the chances of success. Knowing what complications to anticipate will help Drs. Ken & Marnie Collins create the best treatment and care plan for your individual needs. Don’t discontinue taking medications in preparation for your implant without consulting your dentist and your medical provider. Certain medication such as antidepressants may be dangerous when abruptly discontinued.
For more information about the benefits of dental implants with experienced cosmetic dentists, please call 509-532-1111 or contact us online for an appointment at Collins Dentistry & Aesthetics in Spokane.
Or office in Spokane is located at:
3151 E. 28th Ave.
Spokane, WA 99223
Office phone # 509-532-1111