A new clinical trial from the University of California Los Angeles has discovered that nanodiamonds can be used to protect disinfected root canals and improve the chance of success by helping prevent infection. Although the success rate of root canals is high – around 85 percent, according to multiple sources – complications after the procedure can be frustrating, painful and costly.
What Is a Nanodiamond?
Invisible to the naked eye, nanodiamonds are carbon-based particles that can create intense bonds with a variety of molecules. They’re so small that millions of them fit easily on the tip of a pin. They are used in everything from makeup to cancer treatments, and the possibilities are constantly being studied for all kinds of industries and applications.
Infections After Root Canal Both Painful and Dangerous
Root canals are one of the most dreaded procedures in dentistry for many patients. Although dentists suggest the extreme pain many people think goes along with the procedure is more myth than fact, it’s safe to say no one wants to have the procedure done twice.
A root canal usually becomes necessary because of decay and infection, so it’s no surprise that in some cases, a new or reoccurring infection can cause problems.
“One of the biggest problems with root canal infections is that they can occur anywhere from a week to several years after the procedure,” said Dr. Ken Collins, DDS, an experienced dentist in Spokane, Washington.
Common causes of infections after a root canal include the breakdown of the sealant over time, a crack in the root, and canals that were not seen during the procedure and therefore not treated.
If a failed root canal occurs, sometimes simply retreating it fixes the problem, although the procedure can be a little more complicated the second time as the dentist or endodontist must remove any filling, crown or treatment that was placed in the last procedure.
“We always want to avoid extraction, so occasionally we have to perform what is called an apicoectomy, where we remove the end of the root along with any infected tissue by opening up the gum tissue,” Collins said.
How Do Nanodiamonds Help in Dentistry?
Research continues to discover new uses for nanodiamonds in the field of medicine. When it comes to dentistry, nanodiamonds can be used to prevent infection in root canals and dental implants, help treat oral diseases and even stimulate bone growth. They can be applied as an injection, an oral rinse or even added to other materials used in procedures.
Research teams from UCLA have played a pivotal role in the exploration of using these microscopic materials to aid in dentistry. After discovering how nanodiamonds could help treat bone loss as a result of chemotherapy, a team at the UCLA School of Dentistry turned to studying the effect it could have on dental implants. They found that the use of nanodiamonds after oral and maxillofacial surgeries or dental implants procedures allowed for a slower and more controlled release of the treatment than traditional methods.
Or office in Spokane is located at:
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Spokane, WA 99223
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